Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Hypertensive Patients in a Teaching Hospital

    Published on:September 2021
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2021; 13(3):279-284
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2021.13.57
    Authors:

    Sheena Marin Thomas1,*, Suma Varghese2, Bincy Raj3

    1Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dayananda Sagar University, Bangalore, Karnataka, INDIA.

    2Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dayananda Sagar University, Bangalore, Karnataka, INDIA.

    3Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dayananda Sagar University, Bangalore, Karnataka, INDIA.

    Abstract:

    Objectives: To assess knowledge attitude and practice regarding hypertension and secondary objective was to improve the health related quality of life by means of patient counselling. Methods: It was a prospective interventional study which was carried out for six months. Patient’s demographic details like were collected in a pre-designed data entry form. KAP questionnaire was used to assess patient’s knowledge, attitude and practice components before and after giving counselling session. SPSS18.0 was the statistical software used to analyses the data. Results: In a total of 120 male patients were (51.7%) and belong to the age group of 41-60 years. In this study, the pre-counselling KAP was assessed in which 30(25%), 60(50%) and 69(57.5%) patients had good score of knowledge, attitude and practice of Hypertension whereas the post counselling KAP showed that 103(85.83%), 116(96.66%) and 117(97.5%) score respectively. It shows that the patient counselling has a great impact on quality of life. Conclusion: It has been observed that hypertension affects the health of patients and education has a major role in improving the health care outcomes. This study concluded that before giving counselling session participants had inadequate information regarding complications of disease which led to worsening of health conditions. After giving intervention these patients showed marked improvement in quality of life.

    Key words: Hypertension, Patient counseling, KAP Questionnaire, Brochures, Quality of Life.

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