Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective Activities of Hydroalcohol Extract of Homalium zeylanicum on Carbon tetrachloride Induced Liver Damage in Wistar Rats

    Published on:September 2021
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2021; 13(3):217-222
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2021.13.45

    Satish Kanhar1,*, Atish Kumar Sahoo1, Ranjit Mohapatra2

    1Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Division, Regional Plant Resource Centre, Forest and Environment Department, Govt. of Odisha, Nayapalli, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, INDIA.

    2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, INDIA.


    Objectives: The ethyl acetate fraction of bark and leaf part of Homalium zelanicum showed potential antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities. So, this study is aimed to evaluate antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities of hydroalcohol extract of Homalium zelanicum in carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity. Methods: To evaluate antioxidant potential, in vitro antioxidant assays e.g. DPPH, superoxide, hydroxyl and nitric oxide and ex vivo antioxidant assay e.g. cell based antioxidant protection in erythrocytes (CAP-e) were performed. Hepatoprotective activities were evaluated by estimating biochemical parameters such as serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT), serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total bilirubin (TB) and total protein (TP). Hepatic markers such as thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and reduced glutathione (GSH) were evaluated. Results: Both bark and leaf of Homalium zeylanicum showed improvement in antioxidant protection of hepatocytes. As well as the extracts exhibited significant (P<0.001) hepatoprotection against CCl4-induced liver injury. Conclusion: Among all the extracts, hydroalcohol extract of bark of Homalium zeylanicum (HZB, 400 mg/kg) showed significant improvement in restoring serum and hepatic markers and the results were supported with histopathological observations.

    Key words: Antioxidant, CCl4, Hepatic marker, CAP-e, Homalium zeylaicum.

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