Influence of Medication Error among Medical and Non-medical Students in a Malaysian University

    Published on:November 2019
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2019; 11(4):399-403
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2019.11.82

    Lim Jing Hang1,2, Vetriselvan Subramaniyan1,2,*, Kok Xiaojun2, Mohamad Hazeeq bin Abu Bakar2, Teoh Zheng Wei2, Meftah Jebriel Meftah Alshtaiwi2, Low Wei Ling2, Kanesh Ambihabathy2, Meram Azzani3

    1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, MAHSA University, Bandar Saujana Putra, MALAYSIA.

    2Faculty of Medicine, MAHSA University, Bandar Saujana Putra, MALAYSIA.

    3Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, MAHSA University, Bandar Saujana Putra, MALAYSIA.


    Background: Worldwide medication error is a common problem and inappropriate use of medicinal drugs is a major issue of drug resistance. Self-medication is a main contributor to human pathogen resistance to certain antibiotics. This research aims to investigate the prevalence, perception and predictors of self-medication among students in a Malaysian University. Methods: A total number of 317 students were included in this study. This cross-sectional study was conducted from Feb-May 2018. A convenience sample was taken from medical and non-medical university students. The association between the independents factors and the prevalence of self-medication was analysed using binary logistic regression. Data was analysed using SPSS version 23. Results: Among the respondents, 39.1% of them had recently practiced self-medication. The most common reason for self-medication was due to convenience (50%) and the most common source of the medication is directly from pharmacies (46.4%). Commonly used medicines were analgesics (44.4%), cough and cold remedies (31.0%) and antibiotics (9.9%). The majority of students (46.0%) experienced sleepiness after self-medication. Overall, the participants scored a mean 8 out of 10 questions for knowledge assessments on self-medication. In the assessment of the participants’ attitude towards self-medications, the participants agreed with 4 of 5 statements that are against self-medication. The probability of self-medication was higher among medical students compare to non medical students (OR=2.039, P=0.025). In addition, students who are suffering from long term illness are at more risk of self medication (OR=5.190, P= 0.004). Conclusion: Selfmedication poses significant risk of toxicity upon misuse and proper selfmedication should be taught to all people through educational programs and better drug dispensing systems.

    Key words: Self-medication, Over the counter, Medical and non-medical.

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