Breastfeeding, Oral Habits and Malocclusions in the Childhood: A Literature Review

    Published on:February 2022
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2022; 14(1):25-29
    Review Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2022.14.5

    Fernanda Matias de Carvalho1, Lidia Audrey Rocha Valadas1,*, Joseph Anderson Sá Nogueira1, Patrícia Leal Dantas Lobo1, Fernanda Leal Dantas Sales Pimentel2, Marina Sena Lopes da Silva Sacchetto3, Emmanuel Arraes de Alencar Júnior1, Arkila Pinheiro Rodrigues de Sousa1, Sarah Gabrielle Sousa de Oliveira Rodrigues4, Pollyanna Bitu de Aquino5

    1Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, BRAZIL.

    2State University of Ceará, Fortaleza, BRAZIL.

    3Federal University of Piauí, Teresina, BRAZIL.

    4Assis Chateaubriand Maternity School- MEAC, Fortaleza, Ceará, BRAZIL.

    5Christus University Center, Fortaleza, BRAZIL.


    To review in the literature the relationship between lactation, deleterious bucal habits and malocclusion. For this literature review, scientific articles were searched in databases such PubMed and SciELO, in English and Portuguese languages. The search initially resulted in a total of 63 published studies, where 33 were selected, published in the period between 1991 and 2020. In this literature it has been observed that studies on breastfeeding and deleterious bucal habits have a lot of controversy, however, there are several studies that show an inverse association between the time of natural breastfeeding and the deleterious habits, thus suggesting that the feeding method in infants can influence the growth and correct development of the stomatognathic system. It is concluded that deleterious bucal habits are associated with malocclusions, especially anterior open bite and crossbites. Early diagnosis and intervention may prevent future disorders and orthodontic problems for patients.

    Key words: Breast Feeding, Habits, Malocclusion, Primary dentition.

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