Zikavirus infection during pregnancy generates a series of neurological, musculoskeletal and sensory disorders known as Congenital Zika Virus Syndrome (CZVS), being responsible for even oral changes. This study aims to review the literature to address the relationship between congenital Zika and the development of bruxism in childhood. To achieve this goal, a research was carried out by means of Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), PubMed and Google Scholar databases, using the keywords “Zika Virus Infection”, “Bruxism” and “Dentistry”. After a critical reading of papers and abstracts, a total of 15 articles considered relevant to the theme were selected and they were published in the last 5 years. Bruxism reaches a prominent level in several studies, with its prevalence varying between 20.3% and 100% in the clinical articles analyzed. Claiming it is a recent condition studied, there are still few studies evaluating this incidence in pediatric patients with CZVS, but there are already strong indications of this relationship, and it is extremely important to assess these factors and approach the case in partnership with a multidisciplinary team when necessary. In conclusion, there is evidence of a relationship between bruxism and SCZV, and the integration of different health professionals in the monitoring of these syndromic children is essential to better diagnose and intervene in the associated conditions, including treating this parafunctional oral habit more effectively and the impacts of this condition on the quality of life of the patient and the caregiver.
Key words: Zikavirus Infection, Bruxism and Dentistry, Childhod, Congenital infection.