Clinical-Laboratory Profile of Child and Young Populations Bit By Scorpion Attended at a Information and Assistance Toxicological Center in Brazil

    Published on:September 2021
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2021; 13(3):246-250
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2021.13.50
    Authors:

    Naiane Nadylla Nobre Sombra1, Andreza da Silva Soares Pereira1, Edilson Martins Rodrigues Neto2,* Fernanda Maria Teófilo Campos3, Geraldo Bezerra da Silva Júnior4, João Augusto Lima Bisneto5, Sarah Gabrielle Sousa de Oliveira Rodrigues6, Elizabeth De Francesco Daher4, Malena Gadelha Cavalcante1,4

    1Pharmacy Graduation Course, Maurício de Nassau Universitary Center, Fortaleza, CE, BRAZIL.

    2Department of Pharmacy, Dentistry and Nursing College, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, BRAZIL.

    3Pharmacology Post Graduation Program, Mastering Course, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, BRAZIL.

    4Medical Sciences Post Graduation Program, Medical School of the Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, BRAZIL.

    5School of Medicine, Unichristus, Fortaleza, Ceará, BRAZIL. 6Assis Chateaubriand Maternity School- MEAC, Fortaleza, Ceará, BRAZIL.

    Abstract:

    Background: In Brazil, the most relevant scorpions for public health are species of the genus Tityus: T. serrulatus, T. bahiensis, T. obscurus and T. stigmurus, the latter occurring mainly in Ceará, showing that severe cases affect more the population at risk, children under 14 years old. Objectives: The survey aims to identify what are the clinical and laboratory changes in children and teenagers affected by scorpion bites, as well as predictive factors in severe cases. Methods: This is an observational, retrospective and quantitative study of poisoning by scorpion accidents attended and notified by the Toxicological Assistance Center of Fortaleza (CIATOX / CE) from January to December 2019. Results: 820 records were diverted, in which 425 (51.83%) women were killed, of which only 3 (0.37%) were pregnant. Regarding the age group, 1-3 years old is more frequent, 183 (22.32%). The species T. stigmurus 534 cases, (65.12%), the feet region 271 cases (33.04%); the origin of the municipality of Fortaleza 773 (94.15%) and the regional II 122 cases (15.78%) had higher occurrences. Of the 820 cases, only 12 underwent laboratory tests, showing changes such as leukocytosis leukocytosis (72.7%), platelets (63.6%), hyperglycemia (83.3%), TGO (100%), LDH (100%), CK - MB (100%) and Amylase (30%). Conclusion: It was found that the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory profile of children and adolescentes is associated with the severity of scorpionism, which indicates an emergency characteristic, especially when it affects children.

    Keywords: Scorpions, Clinic Epidemiology, Intoxications, Children and youth, Tityus.

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