An UFLC-DAD Method for the Quantification of Menaquinone-4 in Spiked Rabbit Plasma

    Published on:April 2019
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2019; 11(2):149-154
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2019.11.32

    Karthika Anoop1, Gullapalli Kowmudi1, Mukkamala Sailaja1, Krishna Veni Nagappan1,*, Nagarajan Janaki Sankarachari Krishna1, Ramalingam Peraman2

    1Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis JSS College of Pharmacy, Ooty [A Constituent College – JSS Academy of Higher Education & Research], Rocklands, Ooty, Tamil Nadu, INDIA.

    2Department of Medical Chemistry, Raghavendra Institute of Pharmacy Education and Research, Anantapur, Chiyyedu, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.


    Objective: The present study aimed to develop and validate an Ultra-Fast Liquid Chromatography-Diode Array Detector (UFLC-DAD) method for the quantification of vitamin K2 as Menaquinone-4 (MK-4) in rabbit plasma. Method: Standard solutions and spiked plasma samples of MK-4 and Internal Standard (IS) were prepared from primary stock solutions of 1mg/ ml concentration in ethanol each. Protein precipitation was carried out for the MK-4 and IS extraction from plasma spiked samples. Chromatographic separation was employed using Isopropyl Alcohol and Acetonitrile (50:50 v/v) as mobile phase and a C-18 column with 1ml/min flow rate and a run time of 10 mins. Detection was carried out in the range 190-600 nm with 269 nm set as a reference wavelength. Result: The retention times of MK-4 and IS were at 5.5 ± 0.5 mins and 8 ± 0.5 mins respectively. Calibration curve for MK-4 was found to be linear in the range of 0.374 to 6 μg/ ml with an r2 value of 0.9934. The % RSD for accuracy was <15%, inter and intraday precisions were <10%. The samples were found to be stable throughout the study. Conclusion: This method can be applied to the estimation of MK-4 in rabbit plasma using UFLC-DAD.

    Key words: Bioanalytical method, Ultra-Fast Liquid Chromatography (UFLCDAD), Menaquinone-4, Rabbit plasma.

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