The prevalence of self medication and the factors influencing its practice in pharmacy students of Karachi, Pakistan: A mix mode study

    Published on:April/2016
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2016; 8(3):230-238
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2016.3.11

    Atta Abbas Naqvi1, Rizwan Ahmad2, Omar Qadeer3, Muhammad Hassan Khan3, Muhammad Nehal Nadir3, Madiha Alim3

    1Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Dammam, Dammam 31441, KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA.

    2Natural Products and Alternative Medicines, College of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Dammam, Dammam 31441, KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA.

    3Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University, Clifton, Karachi 75600, PAKISTAN.


    Objective: The study investigated the opinions and beliefs of the pharmacy students towards self medications and highlighted factors which have the potential to indulge them in the practice. Methods: A mix mode cross sectional study was conducted in different pharmacy teaching institutes of Karachi, Pakistan for 2 months. All pharmacy students were included and handed a questionnaire related to self medications and also requested to appear in interviews. The data was analyzed by SPSS v 20. The study was ethically approved. Result: Majority of the students (N=221, 94%) were between 18-23 years and majority were females (N=198, 84.3). Prevalence of self medication was reported at 67.2% (60.8%-73.2% for 95% CI). Mild problems (N=54, 34.2%) and previous experience (N=17, 10.8%) were major reasons in favor of indulging in self medication while importance of physician consultation (N=30, 39%) and fear of adverse drug reactions (N=12, 15.5%) were major reasons against indulgence in self medication. Statistical association was significant between number of siblings and tendency to indulge in self medication (P value <0.05). Conclusion: The economic barriers and familial competition has the potential to prompt an individual to indulge in self medication which is further facilitated by knowledge of pharmacy and ease of availability of prescription drugs.

    Key words: Prevalence, Self medication, Students, Mix mode, Karachi, Pakistan.

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