Drug Utilization Analysis of Anticoagulant and Antiplatelet Drugs in Cardiology Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital

    Published on:February 2022
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2022; 14(1):122-125
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2022.14.23
    Authors:

    Sonal Vyas1, Wandeep Dagar1, Meenakshi Dhanawat2,*, Sajaad Manzoor3, Sumeet Gupta4, Rina Das2, Dinesh Kumar Mehta2

    1Department of Pharmacy Practice, MM College of Pharmacy, MM University (Deemed to be University), Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, INDIA.

    2Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, MM College of Pharmacy, MM University (Deemed to be University), Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, INDIA.

    3Department of Cardiology, MM. Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, MM University (Deemed to be University), Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, INDIA.

    4Department of Pharmacology, MM College of Pharmacy, MM University (Deemed to be University), Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, INDIA.

    Abstract:

    Background: The current study was planned to estimate the usage of antiplatelet drugs and anticoagulant drugs patients in the teaching hospital. Methods: The records were composed through the Cardiology ward / Cardiac care unit (CCU) on regular basis after receiving agreement from the Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC). The documents pooling layout was generated and validated by giving inclination to drugs used by Coronary artery disease (CAD), Ischemic heart disease (IHD), Angina pectoris, Arterial fibrillation. Data of patient’s identical inclusion criteria were noted. Results: An overall of 210 patients was included in the study giving an overview of the characteristics of the patients and prescriptions. In this study, the total number of male patients was found to be 118, and the number of female patients was 92. Coronary artery disease was observed to be more common in males (56.2%) than in females (43.8%). A total of 210 patients were taken for the study and patients were categorized according to their age group and gender. Conclusion: It was concluded that drug utilization of antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs was 92.8% and 63.80% respectively achieved in the tertiary care hospital in Northern India Jan-June 2021. Aspirin and Ticagrelor were the frequently used antiplatelet drugs whereas Heparin and Enoxaparin were the most used anticoagulant drugs in MMIMSR, Ambala. This study gives an idea for conducting Drug utilization review on antiplatelet and anticoagulants drugs with improved and better understanding.

    Key words: Drug utilization review, Anticoagulant, Antiplatelet, Cardiovascular disease, Single-dual-triple antiplatelet therapy, Single dual anticoagulant therapy, Antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy.

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