Lacunas in the Preparation of Nepal for COVID-19 till the Third Stage of Disease Transmission

    Published on:July 2021
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2021; 13(2):91-96
    Review Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2021.13.21
    Authors:

    Bishnu Dev Pant1, Sharad Chand2, Sophia M George2, Nandakumar UP2, Pukar Khanal3, CS Shastry2, Sujit Kumar Sah4, Ramesh Datta Pant5, Jeevan Bhatta6, Jeet Bahadur Moktaan7, Sunil Nepal8, Ramesh Bhandari9,*, Sujan Basnet10

    1Purbanchal University, Faculty of Medical and Allied Sciences, Hope International College, Public Health Program, NEPAL.

    2Department of Pharmacy Practice, NGSM Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, NITTE (Deemed to be University), Paneer, Deralakatte, Mangaluru, Karnataka, INDIA.

    3Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, KLE College of Pharmacy, Belagavi, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research (KAHER), Belagavi, Karnataka, INDIA.

    4Department of Pharmacy Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy (JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research) SS Nagar, Mysuru, Karnataka, INDIA.

    5Covance India Pharmaceutical Services Private Limited, Bengaluru, Karnataka, INDIA.

    6Program Officer, Nepal Public Health Association, Kathmandu, NEPAL.

    7Department of Pharmacy Practice, Sri Adichunchanagiri College of Pharmacy, Adichunchanagiri, University, BG Nagara, Karnataka, INDIA.

    8Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, NEPAL.

    9Department of Pharmacy Practice, KLE College of Pharmacy, Belagavi, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research (KAHER), Belagavi, Karnataka, INDIA.

    10School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, CANADA.

    Abstract:

    The novel coronavirus was renamed as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by the world health organization, began its spread in December 2019, in the city of Wuhan, China. Global bodies and governments weren’t prepared to handle the impact of the virus on society. Nepal’s landlocked nation encountered its incident confirmed case of COVID-19 during the first week of January, with the primary host being a student with a travel history from its place of inception. The nation is deficient in its health resources. The country mainly focused on the stringent implementation of washing of hands, wearing masks, restricting general movement, and maintaining social distancing in public. The disease transmission reached to the third stage, which began within three months after the confirmation of the first case of COVID-19. The lack of tropical hospitals, laboratory and diagnostic facilities added to the challenges faced by the country. This paper is a comprehensive review of the overall preparation and steps taken by the federal system of Nepal to combat the virus’s effects till the third stage of transmission. It concludes with the practical limitations faced by the governing authorities of the nation while implementing these measures.

    Key words: Nepal, COVID-19, Preparedness, Lockdown, Migrant labor.

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