Background: Pregnancy is a delicate state that faces several challenges for physical and mental health, involving physiological, immunological and microbiological aspects to accept and maintain the fetus. In situations of epidemics of infectious diseases, as COVID-19, pregnancy can be a risk factor, due to all the changes caused in physiological and immunological functions, which can increase mortality rates. The lack of therapeutic protocols for this group calls attention to the urgency of developing and standardizing proposals aimed at pregnant women. Objectives: Then we performed a literature review of articles published about pregnancy and coronavirus disease was carried out, mainly through the PUBMED and Web of Science databases. Methods: Thus, articles from systematic reviews, clinical studies and epidemiologic studies, were selected in Portuguese, Spanish and English languages. Results: We selected 20 articles related to the theme in question. There is still no evidence of vertical transmission of the new coronavirus. Conclusion: The literature reports that the interaction between the mother and the newborn should be prioritized and facilitated at the beginning of breastfeeding. This choice must be defined based on the good health of the mother and her newborn child.
Key words: Pregnancy, Coronavirus disease, Breastfeeding.