Study Effect Type of Extraction Method And Type of Solvent To Cinnamaldehyde and Trans-Cinnamic Acid Dry Extract Cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmanii [Nees & T, Nees]Blume)

    Published on:March 2017
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2017; 9(1s): S49-S51
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2017.1s.13
    Authors:

    Sri Wardatun, Erni Rustiani, Nella Alfiani, Desta Rissani*

    Department of Pharmacy, University of Pakuan, Bogor, 16610, INDONESIA.

    Abstract:

    Introduction: We report the effects of extraction methods and the type of solvent to cinnamaldehyde and trans-cinnamic acid content of dry extract of cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmanii [Nees & T,Nees] Blume). Methods: The extraction method used maceration, soxhletation and infundation. We used 50%, 70% and 96% ethanol as solvent, while for methods infundation used aquadest. Liquid extract dried to obtain dry extract. Cinnamaldehyde and transcinnamic acid measured by spectrophotometric UV-Visibel. Results: The results of the assays showed that method of maceration with 96% ethanol had cinnamaldehyde content on 124.14 ± 1.17 mg/g dry extract and trans-cinnamic acid content on 151.35 ± 1.24 mg/g dry extract. Statistical test showed that method of extraction and type of solvent had a significant effect of cinnamaldehyde and trans-cinnamic acid contents. Conclusion: 96% Ethanol and 70% ethanol solvent had a significant effect of cinnamaldehyde and trans-cinnamic acid contents, while 50% ethanol and aquadest hadn’t a significant effect of cinnamaldehyde and trans-cinnamic acid contents.

    Key words: Dry extract cinnamon, Cinnamaldehyde, Trans-cinnamic acid.

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