Mechanical Brushing Effects in vitro of a Dentifrice Containing Punica granatum Linné

    Published on:March 2021
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2021; 13(1):54-57
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2021.13.12
    Authors:

    Geraldo Lopes de Carvalho Neto1, Tauane Cavalcante Diniz1, Joel Oliveira Barreto1, Lídia Audrey Rocha Valadas1,*, Edilson Martins Rodrigues Neto1, Nicole de Mello Fiallos2, Paulo Goberlânio Silva Barros1, Mary Anne Medeiros Bandeira1, Igor Lima Soares1, Camila Costa Dias, Sandra Mara da Silva Lima1, Francineudo Oliveira Chagas1, Ana Cristina de Mello Fiallos1

    1Pharmacy, Dentistry and Nursering, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ce, BRAZIL.

    2Post-graduate Program on Microbiology, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ce, BRAZIL.

    Abstract:

    Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate in vitro the effects of mechanical brushing with Punica granatum Linné (P. granatum L.) or pomegranate on the mass, roughness and color of artificial teeth in acrylic resin. Methods: The artificial teeth (n=30) were randomly distributed into 3 groups, according to the tested solution (n = 10 each group): Distilled Water (DW), Commercial Dentifrice (CD) and Dentifrice based on P. granatum L. (PD). All the samples were brushed for a simulated 5-year period. The effects of mechanical brushing were evaluated before brushing and after 12, 24, 36 and 60 months. Data were submitted to the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and a significance level of 5% was adopted and compared by ANOVA with Bonferroni. Results: In the PD group, the mass changed was statistically significant at T4 (0.3942 ± 0.003g). The roughness was altered only in T4 in the PD group (1.059 ± 0.053), while in the CD group was altered in T1 (0.982 ± 0.026) and T2 (0.965 ± 0.02) and finally the color changes were only detected in the PD group in T4 (2,899 ± 0.992), while in the DW group (2,050 ± 0,287 *) and common dentifrice (2,710 ± 0,228*) in T3. Conclusion: The pomegranate dentifrice did not cause deleterious effects on the surface of artificial acrylic resin teeth.

    Key words: Dental Prosthesis, Denture Stomatitis, Natural products, Tooth brushing, Punica granatum.

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