Use of Cosmetic Products and Related Adverse Reactions among Health Science Students

    Published on:September 2020
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2020; 12(3):271-274
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2020.12.74
    Authors:

    Gbednet Theophilus Kureh1,2,*, Arnold Ndesangia2, Robert Dickson Opio3, Idiongo Okon Umoh4, Joshua Ojodale Aruwa5, Godwin Aiyabalu Okoruwa6

    1Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, St. Francis University College of Health and Allied Sciences, Ifakara, TANZANIA.

    2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Kampala International University in Tanzania, Pugu road, Dar es Salaam, TANZANIA.

    3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Kampala International University, Pugu road, Dar es Salaam, TANZANIA.

    4Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kampala International University Western Campus, Ishaka, Bushenyi, UGANDA.

    5Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kampala International University Western Campus, Ishaka, Bushenyi, UGANDA.

    6Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kampala International University Western Campus, Ishaka, Bushenyi, UGANDA.

    Abstract:

    Objectives: This research was carried out in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to assess cosmetic use and related adverse reactions among university students studying medicine and pharmacy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods: A cross sectional study design was employed and data was collected by random stratified sampling technique. Data was collected and analyzed using SPSS version 20 and the chi square test was used to determine the associations between variables. Results: Findings indicated that majority (91%) of respondents were using cosmetic products at the time of the study. More than half of respondents (58.4%) admitted to have experienced at least one type of adverse reaction from using cosmetic products. The most commonly experienced adverse reactions were allergic reactions (30.8%) followed by burning sensation (18.5%) mostly from perfumes and face products. Moreover, there were associations (p<0.05) between use of cosmetic products and some demographic variables (gender and year of study) and there were also associations (p<0.05) between adverse reactions and gender. Findings again revealed that, 17.9% of the respondents use cosmetics for the purpose of skin protection, 17.9% s to boost attractiveness and improve beauty. Majority of respondents obtained awareness about the possible adverse effects of cosmetic products from friends and family (29.5%), the media (23.2%), internet (21.4%) and fellow students (17%). Respondents were also mostly aware of the adverse effects of the cosmetics but still used them. Conclusion: There is a high occurrence and knowledge of cosmetics use- related adverse reactions.

    Key words: Cosmetics, Cosmetic products, Cosmetics use-related adverse reactions, Allergic reactions, Skin protection.

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