Oral Manifestations of Drug Abuse: A Review of Literature

    Published on:April 2020
    Journal of Young Pharmacists, 2020; 12(1):11-14
    Review Article | doi: 10.5530/jyp.2020.12.3
    Authors:

    Lídia Audrey Rocha Valadas1,*, Mariana Lima Fernandes2,3, Maria Izabel G. Silva2, Maria do Carmo de Oliveira Citó2, Iris Cristina Maia Oliveira2,4, Marília Leite Dias2, Ana Cristina de Mello Fiallos1, Leonardo Freire Vasconcelos2,5, Luciana Kelly Ximenes dos Santos2, Alyne Mara Rodrigues de Carvalho2,5, Francineudo Oliveira Chagas1, Francisca Cléa Florenço de Sousa2

    1Pharmacy, Dentistry and Nursing School, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, BRAZIL.

    2Medicine School, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, BRAZIL.

    3Physiotherapy School, UniChristus, CE, BRAZIL.

    4Nursing School, Rodolfo Teófilo Faculty, Fortaleza, CE, BRAZIL.

    5Pharmacy School, Mauricio de Nassau University Center, Fortaleza, CE, BRAZIL.

    Abstract:

    The use of psychoactive substances is an ancient fact in human history that has become a public health problem. Recognizing the severity of oral problems related to drug abuse and in view of the importance of the contribution of Dentistry in this theme, it became pertinent to perform a literature review on oral manifestations resulting from drug use. A literature review of articles published between 1991 and 2019 was performed, mainly through MEDLINE and LILACS, using as descriptors “oral manifestations”, “drugs of abuse”, “oral disorders”. We selected 41 articles related to the theme. There was a high prevalence of oral lesions among drug users in relation to the general population. Among the most frequent oral manifestations are caries, periodontitis, xerostomia, leukoplakia. The abuse of drugs can cause the most diverse damages to the oral health. Dental surgeons, when aware of the oral manifestation / drug abuse relationship, can play an active role in identifying and treating drug addicts.

    Key words: Oral manifestations, Drugs of abuse, Dentistry, Drugs, Oral diseases.

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