Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of Pediatric Dentists in the city of Fortaleza-CE about the practice of sedation. Methods: Participated 66 professional’s specialists registered in the Regional Council of Dentistry - Ceara who worked in public and private service. Data collection was performed through a structured and self-administered questionnaire. The data obtained were tabulated in the IBM SPSS Statistics program and analyzed through a descriptive and exploratory statistical analysis. Results: The results showed that 36.4% of the professionals had 5 to 10 years of specialization, 93.9% were female and 59.1% both worked in the public and private sectors. Only 21.1% had a sedation course and 33.3% used the technique. Midazolam and Cloral Hydrate were the most commonly cited drugs in the sedation technique. Allergic reactions were the most reported as risk of sedation. Conclusion: Considering the limitations of this study, it is possible to consider that the professionals have reasonable knowledge and few use the technique of sedation, mainly because they do not feel safe.
Key words: Pediatric Dentistry, Anxiety, Sedation, Sedation in pediatric patients, Anxiolytics.