Prevalence of Temporomandibular Dysfunction Symptoms in Dental Surgeons

    Published on:July 2019
    Journal of Young Pharmacists , 2019; 11(4):xx-xx
    Original Article | doi:10.5530/jyp.2019.11.x
    Authors:

    André Luiz Menezes Cidrão1,3*, Antônio Sérgio Guimarães1,2

    1Faculdade Sao Leopoldo Mandic- Fortaleza-CE- BRAZIL.

    2Faculdade Sao Leopoldo Mandic- Campinas-SP- BRAZIL.

    3Cidrão Orofacial Center- Fortaleza-Ce-BRAZIL.

    Abstract:

    Introduction: Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) are defined as a set of painful and/or dysfunctional conditions related to masticatory muscles, Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) and associated structures. Objective: This study proposed to evaluate the prevalence of TMD symptoms in dentists from Fortaleza, one brazilian city, relating the age group, gender and time of professional performance. Materials and methods: This is a crosssectional, descriptive-analytical research. A total of 495 dentists were selected, of which 55.8% (n= 276) were females and 44.2% (n= 219) were males, with a professional working time up to 10 years (69.1%, n= 342), up to 30 years old (57.0%; n= 282). Results: When asked about the movements that interfered with weekly pain according to European Academy of Craniomandibular Disorders (EACD), the majority of the participants reported no pain (p<0.01), among the ones who answered yes, headache was the most prevalent (31%, n= 70), followed by pain in the temples, face, TMJ or mandible (17.3%; n= 39). In relation to participants who responded to have pain symptoms, headache was the most prevalent symptom. Regarding the search for treatment, the majority pointed to seek treatment with a neurologist. Despite several pain symptoms reported, most participants rated their own health with an average of 8.69 ± 1.35. Conclusion: In spite of the several studies on the prevalence of TMD in the literature, there are still few studies evaluating the prevalence of TMD symptoms in dentists.

    Key words: Temporomandibular Joint Disoders, Signs and Symtoms, Dentists.

     

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